It is essential that, in the design and construction stages, there should be full consultation with the Düraamen representative and/or the specialist flooring contractor to ensure that the product to be selected is entirely suited for the conditions both during application an in subsequent service. Consideration should therefore be given to whichever of the following are applicable:
Factors influencing the selection of a flooring system include:
|TYPE||NAME||DESCRIPTION||DUTY||TYPICAL THICKNESS||PRODUCT / SYSTEM|
|Floor sealers||Applied in two or more coats. Generally solvent or water borne||LD||Up to 150 µm||Perdüre A01, Perdüre A03, Perdüre E32, Perdüre U46/U45|
|Floor coating||Applied in two or more coats||LD/MD||150 µm to 300 µm||Perdüre E02, Perdüre E10, Perdüre U46 / U45|
|High build coating||Applied in two or more coats—Generally solvent free||MD||300 µm to |
|Perdüre E20, Perdüre P70|
|Multi-layer flooring||Aggregate dressed systems / cementitious system||MD/HD||> 2mm||Sgraffino, Endüra, Lümiere|
|Flow applied flooring||Self leveling or self smoothing surface (cement or resin based)||MD/HD||2mm to 3mm||Pentimento, SLE, Kwörtz|
|Resin Screed Flooring||Trowel finished, heavily filled systems (cement or resin based)||MD/HD|| |
|Päram 5500, SLE (T), Kwörtz,|
|Heavy duty flowable flooring||Having a smooth surface||HD/VHD||4mm to 6 mm||Päram 5500, SLE (T), Kwörtz|
|Heavy duty resin flooring||Trowel finished, aggregate filled systems, effectively impervious throughout thickness||VHD|| |
|Päram, 5500, SLE (T), Kwörtz|
LD - Light duty - light foot traffic, occasional rubber tyred vehicles
MD- Medium duty - regular foot traffic, frequent fork lift truck traffic, occasional hard plastic-wheeled trolleys
HD - Heavy duty - constant fork lift truck traffic, hard plastic wheeled trolleys, some impact VHD - Very heavy duty - severe heavily loaded traffic and impact
In very general terms the service life will be proportional to the applied thickness of the flooring system. However, many operational factors will directly affect the performance including the severity of trafficking (wheel type and loading), the frequency and efficiency of cleaning, mechanical handling abuse and impact, etc. In most industrial facilities there will be a variety of situations for each of which a different type of decorative-resinous flooring will be most appropriate. Conversely there will be areas where some types are completely inappropriate.
Generally, Types 1 to 3 are suitable only for pedestrian or commercial use or the lighter industrial situation. Where there is regular or heavy fork lift traffic the thicker floorings of types 4 and above will be most suitable. For the heaviest usage, particularly where there is the possibility of significant impact damage, then the floorings of Type 7 and 8 will be appropriate.
Premature failure of the coatings of types 1 to 3 can occur if grit or metal swarf is not cleaned away and is then ground into the surface under the action of traffic. A thicker type of flooring would then be required.
The most appropriate flooring for any situation will depend upon the particular conditions to which it will be subjected, and the choice should be made in discussions between all the interested parties, including client, architect, engineer, contractor and Düraamen technical representative.