This test conforms to the American Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM) E-1907-04 & F-1869-04.
The calcium chloride moisture vapor emission test was developed in the 1950’s to quantify the volume of water vapor emitting from a 1,000 square foot area of concrete slab surface over 24hours. This test is directly specified by the vast majority of the Floor Covering Industry as the primary measure of moisture acceptability for floor covering/coating installation.
Use this test to model the volume of moisture that emits from 1,000 square feet of slab surface in 24 hours. The result is expressed as ‘pounds’ which is the equivalent weight of water, emitted as vapor, over 1,000 square feet in 24 hours. Use this result to compare decide whether a moisture vapor barrier is required or not.
This test required the use of a gram-weight scale with a gradation of 1/10th (0.1) gram. The calcium chloride container is weighed before 5nd after exposure to the concrete slab. It is highly recommended that the test be weighed prior to, and directly after exposure on the same scale. This is a very sensitive and highly accurate test when conducted properly. Differences between two scales and extended time between weighing can offset the test result.
DO NOT conduct this test unless the building environment is representative of the actual working climate. While the test can measure moisture in a wide range of building climates, the results are only meaningful when conducted in a similar building environment as the finished floor system. Obtaining meaningful results is only possible when test are conducted in a representative interior climate. Please refer to ASTM documents for details.
Calcium Chloride Moisture Test Procedure
1. plan your test carefully
Before you test, make sure you have basic tools for cleaning the slab including a scraper and wire brush. Make sure you have a quality gram scale and a proper supply of test kits. Ensure building climate is between 65°F – 85°F with relative humidity between 40-60% for at least 48hours prior to and during testing.
2. prepare your test site (s)
The slab must be clean of debris and adhesive residue. Shot-blast, grind or wire-brush slab clean. Remove dust thoroughly. Do not use chemicals of any kind to clean the floor. Avoid test locations near cracks or joints, or in direct sunlight. Prepare 3 test sites for the first 1,000 square foot and include 1 more test for each additional 1,000 square foot area.
3. record starting values
Read the warming label on package and the open the container bag. Set the entire tape-sealed dish on the gram scale and record its weight on the dish lid and on the test bit booklet. Record the starting date and time as well. Ensure that the same scale will be available for re-weihing the dish, or the validity of this test will be compromised.
4. carefully open container
Remove the blue vinyl tape from the dish. Be careful not to lose the tape as you will need it to reseal the dish later. Store the dish lid carefully and stick the tape along the side of the plastic dome to keep it safe. Some people prefer to tape the dish’s lid to the inside of the dome where it can be read through the top. Do not touch or spill the calcium chloride.
5. place the test kit
Place the open dish on the slab making sure the calcium chloride inside is fairly level. Do not set the kit directly over a control joint or crack. Remove the white paper on the dome, and center the dome over the dish. The only moisture must be within the 70 square inch area of the dome that is in contact with the concrete slab.
6. seal the dome to slab
Using the handle of your wire brush or other tool, firmly squash the gasket under the flanges of the dome. The ideal installation will seat the outer flame of the dome to the slab. Then the gasket material will move to line up with the inside edge of the dome. Place your hand over the dome and gently apply pressure. There should be no leaks in the gasket.
7. expose the test properly
Place the optional safety cone over the dome and let the test remain undisturbed for 60 to 72 hours. Most manufacturers of flooring products recommend at least one kit per 1,000/ square foot. The test only measures a small area of slab surface and moisture levels can vary greatly over 1,000 square foot. Test several areas whenever possible.
8. terminate test & calculate
After 60 to 72 hours, cut open the dome and carefully retrieve the dish. Replace the lid and seal it back up with the blue tape. Weigh the dish again on the same gram scale. Record the ending weight, date and time on the dish lid as well as on the test kit booklet.
Download the worksheet below to calculate the test results.
Photos Courtesy: Dominic Cardone, Cocnrete Impressionist